extras

Last night, I had to draw a regular hexagon in Adobe Illustrator, Now, I remember from my school days how to draw one with a compass and ruler (draw a circle with the compasses, and then select a point on the circumference and mark off radii with the compasses, going round the circle; you'll mark off six intersections and then connect them with straight lines: voilà!), but I don't have any compasses in Illustrator.

(UPDATE: OK, now I feel silly. There's a Polygon tool in Illustrator. It's part of the rectangle tool list in the toolbox. Click it to select it, click on the artboard to set the number of sides, and then draw it. Oh well.)

A moment's reflection gave me an answer.

  • Draw a horizontal line
    image
  • Copy that line to the clipboard
  • Paste a copy of the line
  • Rotate it 60°, move it so it touches the horizontal line on the left
    image
  • Paste a copy of the line
  • Rotate it -60°, move it so it touches the horizontal line on the right
    image

You now have half a hexagon.

  • Using the lasso tool, lasso the left corner, and join the line segments (use Corner as the method)
    image
  • Lasso the right corner and do the same
    image

The lines now form a path.

  • Copy the half hexagon to the clipboard
  • Paste a copy
  • Reflect the copy horizontally
  • Move the copy so that it touches the other half
  • Join the two halves with the lasso tool
    image

You now have a regular hexagon. The lines form a closed path and so you can color the perimeter and the interior as desired.

The magic rotation angle is the exterior angle for the sides on a regular hexagon. If you want another regular polygon, calculate the relevant exterior angle (360 divided by the number of sides) and proceed as before. If the number of sides is not even you won't be able to use the reflection trick to save time, but will have to paste/rotate every side as required. For example, here's a regular pentagon (exterior angle = 72°):

image

Obviously, if the number of sides doesn't divide into 360° exactly, there will be some fudging at the corners to make it all fit properly.

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Alias - sixes last
(from Muted)



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2 Responses

  • Thu 18 Jun 2009
  • 7:05 AM
  •  avatar #1

Dew Dump – June 18, 2009 | Alvin Ashcraft's Morning Dew said...

Pingback from Dew Dump – June 18, 2009 | Alvin Ashcraft's Morning Dew

  • Mon 19 Mar 2012
  • 9:52 AM
  •  avatar #2

Peter said...

You feel silly for not finding a tool in a program which lacks any kind of intuitive GUI?

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I'm Julian M Bucknall, an ex-pat Brit living in Colorado, an atheist, a microbrew enthusiast, a Volvo 1800S owner, a Pet Shop Boys fanboy, a slide rule and HP calculator collector, an amateur photographer, a Altoids muncher.

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